According to sources who spoke with ANI, the injury is a calf muscle tear and he will now be fit only for the upcoming series against England. Sprains, strains, and other soft tissue injuries. Upper calf strains and lower calf strains may also happen if you quickly stop and pivot or turn direction.8, There are also a number of factors that can increase your risk of suffering from a mild to severe calf strain. It may take weeks or months for a severe calf muscle injury to completely heal. Calf muscle injuries can happen when straining tight leg muscles by accelerating fast or suddenly changing direction. Stretching excessively, lack of warm-ups, doing too much hill work, or overtraining in general, can lead to calf pulls. According to the Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association, the P.R.I.C.E. Refrain from exercise, sports or other strenuous activitiesand rest the leg as much as possible. The torn calf muscle may also show signs of bruising in your lower leg behind the knee. The calf muscles might also feel sore after the cramp goes away. Therefore, if you suffer a calf injury, doctors from Harvard Medical say that you should visit your doctor promptly in the following circumstances:15, Article Sources Ice.Apply ice to the calf muscle for 10 to 20 minutes at a time once every hour or as often as possible. During the initial phase of the injury, patients will walk with a limp. Calf (Gastrocnemius) muscle tears commonly occur in middle-aged recreational athletes while performing actions that require forceful contraction of the calf muscle (ex: basketball, hill running, tennis, etc.). You only have a grade 1 calf muscle injury but the pulled calf muscle symptoms don’t improve within 48 hours of using PRICE methods. When exercising your calf muscles after an injury, it’s important to make sure that you are always pain-free. Stretching of the ankle in an upward direction (dorsiflexion) will produce moderate to severe pain (due to stretching of the torn muscle fibers). The tear can occur centrally or on either side of the muscle. This method involves: 1. Limit the use of the injured calf, by limiting standing and walking and possibly using crutches if needed. Grade 2 Symptoms. A calf strain occurs when the calf muscles are over stretched. During this time, you should use ice and compression to reduce swelling and bleeding in the calf tear. Calf muscle strain: Straining the calf muscle involves a tearing of the calf muscle fibers. Grade 1: A mild strain where only a few of the muscle fibers are strained. Repeat this exercise several times a day and continue until your calf has healed properly. Muscle strain. With calf muscle tears, the muscles of the Achilles complex are most likely to be damaged. However, you can use some exercises to improve flexibility and strength in the recovering calf muscle.4. In most instances, initial treatment includes activity modification (limiting muscle-loading activities), wearing a boot (Cam Walker), and using crutches. It can be described as a severe form of strain in the muscle fibers that may cause partial or complete tear in the muscles. Umesh Yadav is reportedly out of the Australia tour after suffering a calf muscle injury during the Boxing Day Test in Melbourne. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Relative rest. There are 2 muscles that make up the calves in the back of your lower leg. Your calf muscles (also known as the gastrocnemius and soleus muscles) simultaneously act as the gas and brake pedal on a run. San Francisco CA 94123. In fact, calf strains are sometimes referred to as “Tennis Leg.” Most cases of pulled, torn, or strained calves occur in the gastrocnemius which joins the ankle and knee. Figure 1 shows the typical location of each injury. The injury makes it difficult to walk or bear any weight on that leg. Achilles tendonitis is caused by overuse, strain, or stress on the Achilles tendon. Achilles tendon rupture occurs below the typical location of a calf muscle tear (Figure 1) and is associated with a palpable defect in the actual Achilles tendon. It may also be impossible to flex your foot, and pushing off from your foot when walking could be very painful. This will cause sudden pain in the back of the leg when the calf muscle tears completely. WebMD. Telling signs of a calf strain depend on the severity of the injury. If your calf muscle is free of pain, you can now begin some gentle stretching to help boost recovery and rehabilitate your lower leg muscles. Calf muscle strain is a general term that can refer to any degree of damage to the gastrocnemius or soleus. The calf muscle group consists of the Gastrocnemius and Soleus muscles. A grade 1 calf muscle injury will take between one and 3 weeks to heal. This can be caused by a sudden, abrupt movement or as a result of over use. Plain x-rays may be necessary if your physician wishes to assess the underlying bone. Hold the back of a chair and gently rise up on your toes. A second or third-degree calf injury will also cause swelling which causes a bulge in the back of the lower leg.6. Medial gastrocnemius strain treatment & management. A severe tear in the calf muscle may even prevent you from walking at all.1, All types of calf muscle injuries are graded according to their severity. Insufficient warm up or cool down is a common cause of calf strain. Muscle strains can exist along a spectrum from mild cases of light pain and soreness to severe cases of complete tear. In some cases, the tear is so severe that it causes a ruptured calf muscle. All of these injuries to your calves can cause varying degrees of pain and damage to your lower leg muscles. In most cases, people can treat a pulled calf muscle at … According to the Journal of the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons, injury to your calf muscles can be prevented by avoiding over-straining your calf muscles. Knowing how long it takes a calf muscle injury to heal depends on the extent of gastrocnemius tearing in the leg. Calf strains can occur during hi-speed motions like running and jumping, or Read Full Post Calf (Gastrocnemius) muscle tears commonly occur in middle-aged recreational athletes while performing actions that require forceful contraction of the calf muscle (ex: basketball, hill running, tennis, etc.). Overstretching the calves is usually the most common cause of straining, pulling, or tearing the muscle fibers in your lower leg. As the pulled calf muscle heals, a warm heating pad, exercises, and stretching can all help to speed up the healing process. Your email address will not be published. Effective Treatments for Pulled, Strained or Torn Calf Muscle, Jenny Hills, Nutritionist and Medical Writer. Hold for 30 seconds and repeat 4 times to help your calf fully recover quickly. The calf muscle is actually composed of up to 9 separate muscles, any of which can be injured individually or together. Night leg cramps. Find out about the causes, symptoms and available treatments. Bruising and swelling in the calf area will often develop over the next 24-36 hours. In some cases a half inch heel lift to relax the tension behind the calf is appealing to some patients. In cases of grade 2 and grade 3 calf muscle tears, recovery time is decreased by keeping weight off the injured leg as much as possible. For example, by lying on a bed with the foot propped up by a couple pillows. A muscle strain occurs when the muscle is stretched too far, which causes tears to occur within the muscle. The function of your calf muscles is to provide mobility to your legs and enable you to freely walk, run, or jump. Calf muscle tears occur higher up where the muscle belly attaches to the fascia (musculotendinous junction). Torn calf muscles are an injury of middle-aged athletes, people 35 to 55, especially weekend warriors. Elevation.Elevate the leg at or above the … Your calf muscles are located at the back of your lower leg and are needed to move your legs when walking, running, or jumping. As a calf muscle tear can mimic an Achilles tendon rupture, a careful physical exam is essential to differentiate between these two injuries. Hold for 5 seconds. According to doctors from Mayo Clinic, usually the cause for night leg cramps cannot be identified and is often unknown. Injury to the calf muscle can occur during athletic activities. 2013 Oct-Dec; 3(4): 337–345. You should also have an adequate warm-up routine before exercising or running to help avoid injury to your calves.14. Place in the microwave and heat on full power for 1-2 minutes. How to use PRICE method to treat calf muscle tear: To help speed up recovery time, you should start using the PRICE method as soon as possible after a calf muscle tear injury. 2013 Dec; 57(4): 327–333. Medscape. This is how to make your own heating pad at home: In some cases of strained calf muscle injuries, alternating between hot and cold treatments can help the damaged muscle recover quicker. The long-term goal of rehabilitation is to overcome the increased risk for re-injury by minimizing scar tissue formation and maximizing muscle strength and function. DrugsCom. WebMD. Light compression with a wrap may be helpful. A torn muscle in the calf describes a serious muscle injury that causes muscle tissue in the back of your leg to tear away from tendons. A gastrocnemius muscle tear is a severe, sudden injury to your calf muscle. Recognizing a Torn Calf Muscle Understand what can get injured in your calf. Both of the muscles in the calves taper at the bottom and join to your Achilles tendon.1. Need to slow it up during the descent on the other side? eMedicineHealth. You may think you’ve just been hit in the leg and potentially hear a “pop.” There is sudden pain at the back of the calf. For more information, please read my article on how to get rid of muscle soreness. The symptoms of night leg cramps may last from a few seconds up to a few minutes. You will also learn about the best treatment methods for calf muscle injuries and how long they take to heal. At Healthy and Natural World, our mission is to empower people to take control of their own health by providing comprehensive, practical and well researched information. You hear the calf muscle pop at the time of injury. According to Dr. Anthony Saglimbeni, the first 24-72 hours are critical in initial treatment to ensure a speedy recovery. Treatment of calf muscle tears is usually non-surgical, and dependent upon the individual’s symptoms. Medscape. Why Is My Leg Cramping? 2009 Jun; 2(2): 74–77. An injury to this muscle is sometimes called “tennis leg.” How to say it. Need to push up a steep hill? Studies have shown an increased rate of healing with the ankle braced in a neutral position (ex. The difference is the location of the injury. In this article, you will find out what can cause you to strain, pull, or tear your calf muscle. Occasionally, excessive scarring will form in the location of the tear. Typically there is bruising associated with this pain and normally the maximum tenderness or location of tear is higher than the bruised area. Achilles tendonitis. Doctors from the National Health Service (NHS) say that calf strains are commonly caused by putting too much force on the calf muscles. According to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS), calf strains happen when the muscle is overstretched. 269 Chestnut St. #271 A pulled calf muscle is a common injury, especially when a person does new or intense exercise. A pulled calf muscle is quite painful, and there may be bruising and swelling. Injury to a calf muscle can range from a strain or pull that you can treat at home to a more serious tear that may need a doctor's care. NHS. Ride on stationary bicycle for 10 minutes with no resistance. Immediately after the injury (first 24-72 hours) treatment should include: Once pain free, the patient should progress from gentle plantar flexion (downward motion) exercises against resistance (use of resistance bands), to gradual introduction of stationary cycling, leg presses, and heel raises. These are classed as mild, moderate, or severe injuries to the calves. Similar pain will be noted with downward ankle motion (ankle plantar flexion), due to the contraction of the torn muscle fibers. Topic Overview. Depending on the extent of injury to your calf muscle, you might have mild to intense pain. India vs Australia: Umesh Yadav sustained a calf muscle injury during the second Test in Melbourne and has now returned to India for rehabilitation, says an ANI report. You might even hear your calf muscle “pop” when it tears. Repeat 3 times a day. A torn calf muscle (gastrocnemius) is similar to an Achilles tendon tear or rupture, but occurs higher up in the back of the leg. According to Dr. Carol DerSarkissian on WebMD, pulled calf muscle injuries happen when the back of the leg muscles are stretched beyond their limit.1 A pulled muscle in the calf may only cause mild pain and it is usually possible to continue walking with a calf pull. Grade 3 calf muscle injury. Your physician may recommend placing your leg in a splint (soft cast) or boot to achieve this position. If you have suffered a grade 2 or grade 3 calf muscle tear, you should also consult with your doctor to get the extent of the injury assessed properly. Night leg cramps (also called nocturnal leg cramps or “charley horses”) mostly happen in the calf muscles. Calf muscle rupture: Complete tear of the calf muscle, resulting in severe pain and inability to walk. A severe tear in the calf muscle may even prevent you from walking at … Grade 1 calf strain: The muscle stretch causes small micro-tears in the muscle fibers. A severe grade 3 calf strain could take as long as 6 months to heal completely and may require surgery to repair the muscle tissue. The Symptoms. Depending on the extent of strain in the calf muscles, you may have to apply the ice pack daily for the first few days to help control pain, swelling, and inflammation. 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